Expression of a gene for Mn-peroxidase from Coriolus versicolor in transgenic tobacco generates potential tools for phytoremediation.

Iimura Y, Ikeda S, Sonoki T, Hayakawa T, Kajita S, Kimbara K, Tatsumi K, Katayama Y.

Institute for Environmental Management Technology, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, 16-1 Onogawa, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8569, Japan. y.iimura@aist.go.jp

Abstract

In efforts aimed at the detoxification of contaminated areas, plants have many advantages over bacteria and fungi. We are attempting to enhance the environmental decontamination functions of plants by transferring relevant genes from microorganisms. When the gene for Mn-peroxidase (MnP) from Coriolus versicolor was expressed in transgenic tobacco plants, one line (designated fMnP21) expressed MnP activity at levels 54-fold higher than in control lines. When undamaged roots of transgenic plants were applied to liquid medium supplemented with 250 microM pentachlorophenol (PCP), the decrease in the level of PCP in fMnP21 (86% reduction) was about 2-fold higher than that in control lines (38% reduction). Expression of the gene for MnP in the transgenic plants had no obvious negative effects on their vegetative and sexual growth. Our system should contribute to the development of novel methods for the removal of hazardous chemicals from contaminated environments using transgenic plants.

PMID: 12111153 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12111153

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